How to Install Nagios Core 4.3 On Redhat/Centos/Fedora

In this article, we are going to discuss How to Install Nagios Core 4.3 on CentOS/Redhat. Nagios Core is an Open Source Software is a System and Network Monitoring tool developed by Worldwide Nagios Community in the year 1999. It comes with a wide range of features used to Monitor Servers and System Health, Networking devices like Switch, Router, Applications, and so on. It’s a Cross-Platform application available for all kinds of Operating Systems (Linux, Microsoft Windows, Vmware ESX).

How to Install Nagios Core 4.3 On RedhatCentosFedora

Nagios Core capable to Provide below features :

  • Nagios Core can be used to Monitor Server Health, Networking Devices like Switch, Routers..etc, Services, Applications..etc.
  • Gives alerts of Servers and Applications Outage.
  • Nagios Core is capable of send alerts of any critical issues through different mediums like SMS, Emails.
  • Can be download Historical Reports of Network Issues and Outages and so many other things.
  • Supports Network Protocols like HTTP, FTP, POP3, SSH, etc.
  • Provides Log Files Support for each and every operation.

Not only this much, but there are also so many other features you will able to get from Nagios Core.

My Nagios Core Server Details :

IP Address : 192.168.0.103

Follow the below steps to Install Nagios Core 4.3 On Redhat/Centos/Fedora :

We need to install some packages and dependencies before Nagios Core Installation. So Follow the below steps to do so.

Before Installation of Nagios Core 4.3, we have to install LAMP Stack. to do so refer the below command. Here I used httpd* and PHP* so that all packages related httpd and PHP will install which is needed by Nagios core.

[[email protected] ~]# yum -y install httpd* php* mysql mysql-server   # Installing LAMP Stack

Now start the apache service.

[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/httpd start   # Starting Apache Service
Starting httpd:                                            [  OK  ]

Start the httpd service on Startup.

[[email protected] ~]# chkconfig --level 35 httpd on   # Start httpd service on Startup

To confirm apache service started you can access the default home page of apache by URL : http://localhost

How to Install Nagios Core 4.3 On Redhat/Centos/Fedora

Apache Default Homepage

Nagios Core required some more Packages and Dependencies. To install so refer the below command.

[[email protected] ~]# yum -y install gd gd-devel gcc glibc glibc-common net-snmp

Now we have to download the latest version of Nagios Core Package and Its required Plugins.

  1. nagios-4.3.2.tar.gz
  2. nagios-plugins-2.2.1.tar.gz

To do so create a directory named Nagios. refer to the below command.

[[email protected] ~]# mkdir nagios   # Create a Directory
[[email protected] ~]# cd nagios/   # Changing Directory

Now follow the below commands to download both Packages.

  • Downloading nagios-4.3.2.tar.gz.
[[email protected] nagios]# http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/nagios/nagios-4.x/nagios-4.3.2/nagios-4.3.2.tar.gz
bash: http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/nagios/nagios-4.x/nagios-4.3.2/nagios-4.3.2.tar.gz: No such file or directory
[[email protected] nagios]# wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/nagios/nagios-4.x/nagios-4.3.2/nagios-4.3.2.tar.gz
--2017-05-21 03:25:17--  http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/nagios/nagios-4.x/nagios-4.3.2/nagios-4.3.2.tar.gz
Resolving downloads.sourceforge.net... 216.34.181.59
Connecting to downloads.sourceforge.net|216.34.181.59|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Found
Location: https://excellmedia.dl.sourceforge.net/project/nagios/nagios-4.x/nagios-4.3.2/nagios-4.3.2.tar.gz [following]
--2017-05-21 03:25:17--  https://excellmedia.dl.sourceforge.net/project/nagios/nagios-4.x/nagios-4.3.2/nagios-4.3.2.tar.gz
Resolving excellmedia.dl.sourceforge.net... 202.153.32.19
Connecting to excellmedia.dl.sourceforge.net|202.153.32.19|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 11096863 (11M) [application/x-gzip]
Saving to: “nagios-4.3.2.tar.gz”

100%[=========================================================================================>] 11,096,863   681K/s   in 14s     

2017-05-21 03:25:32 (752 KB/s) - “nagios-4.3.2.tar.gz” saved [11096863/11096863]
  • Downloading nagios-plugins-2.2.1.tar.gz
[[email protected] nagios]# wget http://nagios-plugins.org/download/nagios-plugins-2.2.1.tar.gz
--2017-05-21 03:27:04--  http://nagios-plugins.org/download/nagios-plugins-2.2.1.tar.gz
Resolving nagios-plugins.org... 72.14.186.43
Connecting to nagios-plugins.org|72.14.186.43|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 2728818 (2.6M) [application/x-gzip]
Saving to: “nagios-plugins-2.2.1.tar.gz”

100%[=========================================================================================>] 2,728,818   3.86M/s   in 0.7s    

2017-05-21 03:27:05 (3.86 MB/s) - “nagios-plugins-2.2.1.tar.gz” saved [2728818/2728818]

As you can see below we have successfully downloaded both packages.

[[email protected] nagios]# ls -l
total 13508
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 11096863 May  9 10:16 nagios-4.3.2.tar.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  2728818 Apr 19 09:04 nagios-plugins-2.2.1.tar.gz

Now follow the below steps to Configured Nagios Core 4.3. First, we have to create a User named “nagios“. and then set Password for that.

[[email protected] ~]# useradd nagios   # Creating a User
[[email protected] ~]# passwd nagios   # Set Password for the User
Changing password for user nagios.
New password: 
Retype new password: 
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

Now create a Group named “nagcmd“.

[[email protected] ~]# groupadd nagcmd

Now we have to add two users to nagcmd Group i.e. nagios and apache.

[[email protected] ~]# usermod -a -G nagcmd nagios
[[email protected] ~]# usermod -a -G nagcmd apache

You can confirm the same by using the below command.

[[email protected] ~]# id nagios
uid=501(nagios) gid=501(nagios) groups=501(nagios),502(nagcmd)
[[email protected] ~]# id apache
uid=48(apache) gid=48(apache) groups=48(apache),502(nagcmd)

After completing the necessary steps let’s go ahead and extract the downloaded Packages i.e. Nagios Core 4.3 and it’s Plugin.

  1. Extracting Nagios Core Package.
[[email protected] nagios]# tar -xzvf nagios-4.3.2.tar.gz   # Extracting Nagios Core

2. Extracting Nagios Plugin Package.

[[email protected] nagios]# tar -xzvf nagios-plugins-2.2.1.tar.gz   # Extracting Nagios Plugin

After extract the packages you will get two directories. Highlighted below.

[[email protected] nagios]# ls -l
total 13516
drwxrwxr-x. 18 root root     4096 May  9 10:03 nagios-4.3.2
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root 11096863 May  9 10:16 nagios-4.3.2.tar.gz
drwxr-xr-x. 15 root root     4096 Apr 19 09:04 nagios-plugins-2.2.1
-rw-r--r--.  1 root root  2728818 Apr 19 09:04 nagios-plugins-2.2.1.tar.gz

Let’s first Install the Nagios Core Package. To do so refer to the below steps.

[[email protected] nagios]# cd nagios-4.3.2  # Changing the directory
[[email protected] nagios-4.3.2]# ls
base          config.sub      docs       indent-all.sh  lib           module            README.asciidoc  test            worker
cgi           configure       doxy.conf  indent.sh      LICENSE       nagios.spec       sample-config    THANKS          xdata
Changelog     configure.ac    functions  INSTALLING     Makefile.in   nagios.sysconfig  subst.in         t-tap
common        contrib         html       install-sh     make-tarball  pkginfo.in        t                update-version
config.guess  daemon-init.in  include    LEGAL          mkpackage     README            tap              UPGRADING

Then run configure script to compile the Package.

[[email protected] nagios-4.3.2]# ./configure  # Executing configure Script

After complete, the above process run make all command.

[[email protected] nagios-4.3.2]# make all

& then use make install command to install the Nagios Core Package.

[[email protected] nagios-4.3.2]# make install

After installation completed you will able to see the below message at the end of the installation which is asking us to install three scripts i.e. initcommandmode, and config. Highlighted below.

*** Main program, CGIs and HTML files installed ***

You can continue with installing Nagios as follows (type 'make'
without any arguments for a list of all possible options):

  make install-init
     - This installs the init script in /etc/rc.d/init.d

  make install-commandmode
     - This installs and configures permissions on the
       directory for holding the external command file

  make install-config
     - This installs sample config files in /usr/local/nagios/etc

make[1]: Leaving directory `/root/nagios/nagios-4.3.2'

So follow the below steps to Install all three Scripts.

  • Installing init Script.
[[email protected] nagios-4.3.2]# make install-init   # Install init Script
/usr/bin/install -c -m 755 -d -o root -g root /etc/rc.d/init.d
/usr/bin/install -c -m 755 -o root -g root daemon-init /etc/rc.d/init.d/nagios

*** Init script installed ***
  • Installing Command Mode Script
[[email protected] nagios-4.3.2]# make install-commandmode   # Installing CommandMode Script
/usr/bin/install -c -m 775 -o nagios -g nagios -d /usr/local/nagios/var/rw
chmod g+s /usr/local/nagios/var/rw

*** External command directory configured ***
  • Installing config Script.
[[email protected] nagios-4.3.2]# make install-config   # Installing Config Script
/usr/bin/install -c -m 775 -o nagios -g nagios -d /usr/local/nagios/etc
/usr/bin/install -c -m 775 -o nagios -g nagios -d /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects
/usr/bin/install -c -b -m 664 -o nagios -g nagios sample-config/nagios.cfg /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg
/usr/bin/install -c -b -m 664 -o nagios -g nagios sample-config/cgi.cfg /usr/local/nagios/etc/cgi.cfg
/usr/bin/install -c -b -m 660 -o nagios -g nagios sample-config/resource.cfg /usr/local/nagios/etc/resource.cfg
/usr/bin/install -c -b -m 664 -o nagios -g nagios sample-config/template-object/templates.cfg /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/templates.cfg
/usr/bin/install -c -b -m 664 -o nagios -g nagios sample-config/template-object/commands.cfg /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/commands.cfg
/usr/bin/install -c -b -m 664 -o nagios -g nagios sample-config/template-object/contacts.cfg /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/contacts.cfg
/usr/bin/install -c -b -m 664 -o nagios -g nagios sample-config/template-object/timeperiods.cfg /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/timeperiods.cfg
/usr/bin/install -c -b -m 664 -o nagios -g nagios sample-config/template-object/localhost.cfg /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/localhost.cfg
/usr/bin/install -c -b -m 664 -o nagios -g nagios sample-config/template-object/windows.cfg /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/windows.cfg
/usr/bin/install -c -b -m 664 -o nagios -g nagios sample-config/template-object/printer.cfg /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/printer.cfg
/usr/bin/install -c -b -m 664 -o nagios -g nagios sample-config/template-object/switch.cfg /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/switch.cfg

*** Config files installed ***

Remember, these are *SAMPLE* config files.  You'll need to read
the documentation for more information on how to actually define
services, hosts, etc. to fit your particular needs.

Now Install Nagios and Apache Web Configuration Files.

[[email protected] nagios-4.3.2]# make install-webconf   # Installing Webconf Script
/usr/bin/install -c -m 644 sample-config/httpd.conf /etc/httpd/conf.d/nagios.conf
if [ 0 -eq 1 ]; then 
                ln -s /etc/httpd/conf.d/nagios.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/nagios.conf; 
        fi

*** Nagios/Apache conf file installed ***

Also Read – How to Configure Basic Authentication in Apache Web Server

Now we are done with Nagios Core 4.3 Installation. Normally Nagios doesn’t have their own Authentication System So we have to configure Apache Authentication using htpasswd command. Refer to the command below.

[[email protected] ~]# htpasswd -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin
New password: 
Re-type new password: 
Adding password for user nagiosadmin

Here nagiosadmin is the name of the user for authentication.

Then restart the apache Package to refresh the Installation.

[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/httpd restart
Stopping httpd:                                            [  OK  ]

Then start the Nagios Core Service.

[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/nagios start
Starting nagios: done.

Configure the Nagios core Service to start at startup.

[[email protected] ~]# chkconfig --level 35 nagios on

Now you can bypass the Apache Port i.e. 80 from Iptables or stop the IPtable Service. Here I am going to stop the Iptable Service.

[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/iptables stop
iptables: Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter          [  OK  ]
iptables: Flushing firewall rules:                         [  OK  ]
iptables: Unloading modules:                               [  OK  ]

We need SELinux in Permissive Mode so to do so you can refer the below command.

[[email protected] ~]# setenforce  0   # Set SELinux in Permissive Mode

Confirm the SELinux Status you can use the below command.

[[email protected] ~]# getenforce
Permissive

We have successfully installed the Nagios Core 4.3 Package. But there is some bugs in Nagios Core hence we have installed the given Plugin’s which we have downloaded from Official Website of Nagios Core.

So to Install the Nagios Core Plugin follow the below command.

[[email protected] nagios]# cd nagios-plugins-2.2.1   # Change the Directory
[[email protected] nagios-plugins-2.2.1]# ls
ABOUT-NLS         ChangeLog     configure.ac  lib                  nagios-plugins.spec.in  plugins          REQUIREMENTS
acinclude.m4      CODING        COPYING       m4                   NEWS                    plugins-root     SUPPORT
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS  config.h.in   FAQ           Makefile.am          NPTest.pm               plugins-scripts  tap
aclocal.m4        config.rpath  gl            Makefile.in          NP-VERSION-GEN          po               test.pl.in
AUTHORS           config_test   INSTALL       mkinstalldirs        perlmods                README           THANKS
build-aux         configure     LEGAL         nagios-plugins.spec  pkg                     release          tools

Compile the Nagios Core Plugin Package and Install it using the below commands.

[[email protected] nagios-plugins-2.2.1]# ./configure   # Compile the Package
[[email protected] nagios-plugins-2.2.1]# make   # Make the Packages ready for Installation 
[[email protected] nagios-plugins-2.2.1]# make install   # Install the Package

Once everything done restart the Apache and Nagios Core Service’s.

[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/httpd restart
Stopping httpd:                                            [  OK  ]
Starting httpd:                                            [  OK  ]
[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/nagios restart
Running configuration check...
Stopping nagios: done.
Starting nagios: done.

Now go to your Internet Browser and enter the below URL.

http://IP_ADDRESS_OF_SYSTEM/Nagios

eg: Here my Nagios Server IP Address is 192.168.0.103 so the URL would be  http://192.168.0.103/nagios

How to Install Nagios Core 4.3 On Redhat/Centos/Fedora

Nagios Core Authentication

Here just enter the Username i.e. nagiosadmin that we have created for apache authentication and it’s password.

How to Install Nagios Core 4.3 On Redhat/Centos/Fedora

Nagios Core Dashboard

OR you can access the same by localhost also.

http://localhost/nagios

How to Install Nagios Core 4.3 On Redhat/Centos/Fedora

Nagios Core Homepage

That’s it! In this article, we have explained How to Install Nagios Core 4.3 On Redhat/Centos/Fedora. I hope you enjoy this article. If you like this article, then just share it. If you have any questions about this article, please comment.

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