POP! The operating system is based on Ubuntu, which is a free and open source Linux distribution. POP OS is developed and maintained by system76.
Like Ubuntu, long-term releases are released every 2 years, and new versions are released every 6 months. Pop! _ OS 20.04 with GNOME 3.36, automatic window tiling, flatpack support, Linux kernel 5.4, etc.
In this guide, I will step by step through the screenshots how to install POP 20.04 LTS.
- 2 GB memory
- 16 GB hard disk space
- 64-bit processor
- Stable internet connection
Step 1: Make a bootable USB drive
First, you need to download POP! _OS iso image, which is necessary to create a bootable USB drive. So please go to POP! _OS official download page and download ISO image. Make sure your internet speed is fast and stable so that it can download smoothly.
After downloading, you can use the Rufus tool that has been introduced before, or you can use the dd command to create a bootable USB drive on the terminal.
When finished, eject the USB bootable media and insert it into the PC where you want to install POP_OS! on.
Step 2: Install POP 20.04 LTS
To start installing POP OS, first, insert the bootable USB drive into the target PC with the power off. Shortly thereafter, turn it on and continue to edit the BIOS settings, more specifically the boot sequence. This will ensure that the PC can boot from the media. Next, save the changes in the BIOS settings, and then continue the boot process.
You will see the startup message on the screen as shown below
When the startup message disappears, the “Welcome” screen is displayed as shown. Choose your preferred installation language.
Step 3: Choose a language for your operating system
On the next screen, choose the preferred language for your operating system. Here, I chose American English as the operating system of choice. Next, click “select‘Button to enter the next step.
Step 4: Choose keyboard layout
The next step requires you to select your preferred keyboard option. The default options should be satisfactory, so it is best to keep this way. However, if you need to choose other options, feel free to scroll and choose your preferred layout.
After selecting the layout, type the text to see how the text looks when you type using the keyboard. If everything is satisfactory, please click “select‘Button.
Step 5: Prepare to partition the hard drive
The next screen gives you 2 options for partitioning the hard drive.
- Clean install
- Custom installation (Advanced)
The first option automatically creates the required Linux partition, erases the entire drive, and then installs POP! _OS. This option is ideal for beginners who are not familiar with creating Linux partitions manually. The installation program will automatically install automatically, so that the installation of POP! _OS is easier.
For more advanced users, the second option is convenient. It allows users to manually create partitions according to their own preferences. For this guide, we will use the second option and show you how to manually create a partition.
Therefore, choose “Custom (Advanced)‘Options and click’Custom (Advanced) Button.
The next screen will show the available hard drives and the total size. To continue creating partitions, click “Modify partition‘Button as shown.
This starts the Gparted partition utility, which is used to manually partition and repartition the hard drive. Initially, your hard drive will display as “Unassigned‘ as the picture shows.
To start partitioning the hard drive, click “equipment‘Options on the menu bar, then select’Create partition table‘.
You will receive an alert about what you are doing and the fact that all data will be deleted. For the partition type, choose GPT If your BIOS is set to UEFI mode. For Old version start,select’msdos‘Option. If you are satisfied with the choice, please click “application‘Button.
We will create the 3 basic partitions required by any of the following Linux systems:
/ boot-2048 MB
/ (Root partition)-remaining disk space-12429 MB
Step 6: Partition the hard drive
and so. To start partitioning the hard drive, right-click “Unallocated Partition” and select “new‘.
To create a boot partition, follow “New size (MiB)‘ section. In addition, select the partition label as /start up And keep all other options as default. However, please change the file system type to one of XFS or EXT format at any time. When finished, click “plus‘Button to create a partition.
From the image, you can see that the boot partition has been created. We still have some allocated space, and we will create the remaining partitions from these spaces.
To create /Family Partition, right-click on the unallocated space and select ‘new’.
In the pop-up window, specify The size of the primary partition, Partition volume,then click”plus‘Button to create a partition.
So far, we have two partitions on our partition table- /start up with /Family Divide.
Now let’s create a swap partition. As before, right-click on the unassigned partition and select ‘new‘Option. For the swap area, select the file system as Linux swap as the picture shows. then click”plus‘Button.
So far, we have created 3 partitions. For the remaining unassigned partitions, we assign them completely to / (Root) Divide.
So right click on it and select “new‘Option. Define the partition name, keep the file system unchanged, and click ‘plus‘Button.
Now, the partition table includes all of our partitions, as shown.
Step 7: Write changes to the hard drive
To create and write a partition to the hard drive, click the check mark icon shown below.
In the notification popup that appears, click ‘application‘Button to continue writing the partition to disk.
After completing all operations, click “turn off‘Button.
In the next step, find the partition that will logically be used for the /boot partition. Click on it and make sure you have opened”Use partition‘Options and settings’Used for:‘ to /boot/EFI.
Next, define the /root partition as shown below. turn on”Use partition‘with’format‘Options and settings’Used for:‘ to Root /.
When finished, click “Erase and installTo continue the installation process.
The installer will start to extract all files and packages and install them on the system. Depending on the speed of the system, this process takes approximately 10 to 15 minutes to complete.
After the system has installed all necessary files and software packages, you will be prompted to restart the system. Therefore, please click ‘Restart the device‘Button. So far, we have completed how to install POP 20.04 LTS.
Step 8: Complete the installation process
After restarting, the welcome screen as shown in the figure will be displayed. Click ‘next‘Button to continue.
Next, select the keyboard layout and click “next‘Button to enter the next step.
In the next step, you can choose to open your location. If you can, please continue and open the location settings. If you want to be cautious and prevent the app from determining your geographic location, just leave the settings unchanged and click “next‘Button to enter the next step.
inside ‘Time zone‘Part, if you are connected to the Internet, your time zone and location will be automatically configured. However, if you can, you can still set your preferred location and time zone, then click “next‘Button forward.
Next, please freely configure your online account, as shown in the figure. If you are interested in this, you can skip to the next step.
In the next step, fill in your name and click ‘next‘.
You may guess right, the next step will prompt you to create a password. Therefore, enter your password and confirm. After that, click the “Next” button to complete the installation.
After the installation is complete, click “Start using POP!_OS’ to complete the installation.
This will lead you to the desktop below.
This is how windows and icons look.
You may have noticed that the default theme of POP OS looks dull. Don’t worry, because you can continue to customize the theme to your satisfaction.
The most important thing is to pay attention to the newly updated POP! Store center. Here, you can easily and efficiently install applications.
We do hope that you can now successfully install POP 20.04 LTS.