How to install Shopware 6 with NGINX and encrypt it on CentOS 8

How to install Shopware 6 with NGINX and encrypt it on CentOS 8

Shopware is a free and open source platform that can help you start your own e-commerce website to promote online business development. It provides many useful tools that can help you build and customize a fully responsive online store. It is very similar to Magento. Compared with Magento, Shopware is a powerful, easy-to-use and flexible application. With its modern user interface, it can help you easily create and manage content and products from any device.

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Shopware using Nginx and let us encrypt SSL on CentOS 8.

prerequisites

  • Server running CentOS 8.
  • A valid domain name pointing to the server IP.
  • A root password is configured on your server.

Install LEMP server

Shopware runs on a web server and is built on PHP with Symfony and Zend components, and uses MySQL or MariaDB as the database backend. Therefore, you will need to install Nginx, MariaDB, PHP and other extensions on the server. You can install all components with the following command:

dnf install nginx mariadb-server php php-cli php-intl php-fpm php-common php-mysqli php-curl php-json php-zip php-gd php-xml php-mbstring php-opcache unzip -y

After installing all the packages, please start Nginx, MariaDB and PHP-FPM services and use the following commands to start them when the system reboots:

systemctl start mariadbsystemctl enable mariadbsystemctl start nginxsystemctl start php-fpmsystemctl enable nginxsystemctl enable php-fpm

Once completed, you can proceed to the next step.

Configure PHP-FPM

By default, PHP-FPM is configured to run as the apache user and group. Therefore, you need to configure it to run as an Nginx user and group. You can do this by editing the file /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf:

nano /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

Change the following line:

user = nginx 
group = nginx 

Save and close the file, then create the session directory and use the following command to set proper ownership:

mkdir -p /var/lib/php/session chown -R nginx:nginx /var/lib/php/session

Next, edit the php.ini file and adjust some recommended settings:

nano /etc/php.ini

Change the following line:

memory_limit = 512M
upload_max_filesize = 20M
date.timezone = Asia/Kolkata

Save and close the file, then restart the PHP-FPM service to apply the changes:

systemctl restart php-fpm

Create Shopware database

Next, you will need to create a database and users for Shopware. First, connect to MariaDB using the following command:

mysql

After connecting, use the following commands to create the database and user:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE shopware;MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON shopware.* TO 'shopware' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

Next, refresh the privileges and exit from MariaDB using the following command:

MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;MariaDB [(none)]> EXIT;

Once completed, you can proceed to the next step.

Download store

Next, you need to download the latest version of Shopware for its official website. First, create a directory for Shopware in the Nginx root directory:

mkdir /var/www/html/shopware

Next, use the following command to download Shopware:

wget https://www.shopware.com/en/Download/redirect/version/sw6/file/install_v6.3.5.0_ba08dbfc07784b5cefe7837f2abbda69dbf5b8b7.zip -O shopware.zip

After the download is complete, unzip the downloaded file to the shopware directory:

unzip shopware.zip -d /var/www/html/shopware

Next, use the following commands to set the appropriate permissions and ownership:

chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/html/shopwarechmod -R 775 /var/www/html/shopware

Once completed, you can proceed to the next step.

Configure Nginx for Shopware

Next, use the following command to create an Nginx virtual host configuration file for Shopware:

nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/shopware.conf

Add the following line:

server {
    listen 80;

    # Handle / to index.php
    index index.php;

    # Our server name
    server_name shopware.example.com;

    # Where the code is located
    root /var/www/html/shopware/public;

    # Needed for Shopware install / update
    location /recovery/install {
        index index.php;
        try_files $uri /recovery/install/index.php$is_args$args;
    }

    location /recovery/update/ {
        if (!-e $request_filename){
            rewrite . /recovery/update/index.php last;
        }
    }

    # Forward any not found file to index.php. Also allows to have beautiful urls like /homemade-products/
    location / {
        try_files $uri /index.php$is_args$args;
    }

    # Let php-fpm handle .php files
    location ~ .php$ {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+.php)(/.+)$;
        include fastcgi.conf;
        fastcgi_param HTTP_PROXY "";
        fastcgi_buffers 8 16k;
        fastcgi_buffer_size 32k;
        fastcgi_read_timeout 300s;
        client_body_buffer_size 128k;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/www.sock;
        http2_push_preload on;
    }
}

Save and close the file, and then use the following command to verify if there is a syntax error in Nginx:

nginx -t

You should get the following output:

nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

Next, restart the Nginx service to apply the changes:

systemctl restart nginx

You can also verify the status of Nginx with the following command:

systemctl status nginx

You should get the following output:

? nginx.service - The nginx HTTP and reverse proxy server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)
  Drop-In: /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service.d
           ??php-fpm.conf
   Active: active (running) since Tue 2021-02-02 00:40:04 EST; 19s ago
  Process: 76059 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
  Process: 76057 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/nginx -t (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
  Process: 76054 ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/rm -f /run/nginx.pid (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 76060 (nginx)
    Tasks: 3 (limit: 12523)
   Memory: 5.5M
   CGroup: /system.slice/nginx.service
           ??76060 nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx
           ??76061 nginx: worker process
           ??76062 nginx: worker process

Feb 02 00:40:04 centos8 systemd[1]: Stopped The nginx HTTP and reverse proxy server.
Feb 02 00:40:04 centos8 systemd[1]: Starting The nginx HTTP and reverse proxy server...
Feb 02 00:40:04 centos8 nginx[76057]: nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
Feb 02 00:40:04 centos8 nginx[76057]: nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful
Feb 02 00:40:04 centos8 systemd[1]: Started The nginx HTTP and reverse proxy server.

Configure SELinux and firewall

By default, SELinux is enabled in CentOS 8. Therefore, you will need to configure the SELinux context for Shopware. You can configure it with the following command:

setsebool httpd_can_network_connect on -Pchcon -R -u system_u -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t -r object_r /var/www/html/shopware

Next, use the following command to allow ports 80 and 443 through firewalld:

firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=httpfirewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=httpsfirewall-cmd --reload

Once completed, you can proceed to the next step.

Visit the Shopware web interface

Now, open your web browser and enter the URL http://shopware.example.com.

Choose your language and click Next Button.Make sure all requirements are met, then click Next Button. You should see the following page:

Agree to GTC, then click Next Button. You should see the following page:

Configure Shopware database

Provide your database, username, password, and click Start installation Button. After the installation is complete, you will see the following page:

Shopware 6 has been successfully installed

Click Next page.The system will ask you to provide store name, email address, currency, country/region, administrator username, password, and then click Next Button. You will be redirected to the Shopware dashboard:

Configure store name

Currency and email configuration

Provide all the information and click the Next button. You should see the following page:

Shopware dashbaord

Install the required language plug-ins and click Next Button. You should see the following page:

Data import

Install demo data or skip this operation and click Next Button. You should see the following page:

Email settings

Click on Configuration after that. You should see the following page:

PayPal settings

Click on jump over Button. You should see the following page:

Install plugin

Click on Next Button. You should see the following page:

Secure store merchandise account

Click on jump over Button. You should see the following page:

Shopware installed successfully

Click on end Button. You should see the Shopware welcome page:

Welcome to Shopware 6

Let’s encrypt SSL to protect Shopware

Next, you will need to install the Certbot utility in your system to download and install “Let’s Encrypt SSL for Let’s Chat Domain”.

You can install the Certbot client using the following command:

wget https://dl.eff.org/certbot-automv certbot-auto /usr/local/bin/certbot-autochown root /usr/local/bin/certbot-autochmod 0755 /usr/local/bin/certbot-auto

Next, use the following command to obtain and install an SSL certificate for your let domain:

certbot-auto --nginx -d shopware.example.com

The above command will first install all the necessary dependencies on the server. After installation, you will be asked to provide an email address and accept the terms of service as shown below:

Saving debug log to /var/log/letsencrypt/letsencrypt.log
Plugins selected: Authenticator nginx, Installer nginx
Enter email address (used for urgent renewal and security notices) (Enter 'c' to
cancel): [email protected]

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Please read the Terms of Service at
https://letsencrypt.org/documents/LE-SA-v1.2-November-15-2017.pdf. You must
agree in order to register with the ACME server at
https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(A)gree/(C)ancel: A

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Would you be willing to share your email address with the Electronic Frontier
Foundation, a founding partner of the Let's Encrypt project and the non-profit
organization that develops Certbot? We'd like to send you email about our work
encrypting the web, EFF news, campaigns, and ways to support digital freedom.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(Y)es/(N)o: Y

Obtaining a new certificate
Performing the following challenges:
http-01 challenge for shopware.example.com
Waiting for verification...
Cleaning up challenges
Deploying Certificate to VirtualHost /etc/nginx/conf.d/shopware.conf

Next, choose whether to redirect HTTP traffic to HTTPS, as shown below:

Please choose whether or not to redirect HTTP traffic to HTTPS, removing HTTP access.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1: No redirect - Make no further changes to the webserver configuration.
2: Redirect - Make all requests redirect to secure HTTPS access. Choose this for
new sites, or if you're confident your site works on HTTPS. You can undo this
change by editing your web server's configuration.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Select the appropriate number [1-2] then [enter] (press 'c' to cancel): 2

Type 2 and press Enter to continue. After the installation is complete, you should see the following output:

Redirecting all traffic on port 80 to ssl in /etc/nginx/conf.d/shopware.conf

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Congratulations! You have successfully enabled https://shopware.example.com

You should test your configuration at:
https://www.ssllabs.com/ssltest/analyze.html?d=shopware.example.com
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

IMPORTANT NOTES:
 - Congratulations! Your certificate and chain have been saved at:
   /etc/letsencrypt/live/shopware.example.com/fullchain.pem
   Your key file has been saved at:
   /etc/letsencrypt/live/shopware.example.com/privkey.pem
   Your cert will expire on 2021-04-2. To obtain a new or tweaked
   version of this certificate in the future, simply run certbot-auto
   again with the "certonly" option. To non-interactively renew *all*
   of your certificates, run "certbot-auto renew"
 - If you like Certbot, please consider supporting our work by:

   Donating to ISRG / Let's Encrypt:   https://letsencrypt.org/donate
   Donating to EFF:                    https://eff.org/donate-le

You can now use the URL https://shopware.example.com to safely access Shopware.

in conclusion

Congratulations! You have successfully installed and configured Shopware using Nginx, and enabled SSL encryption on CentOS 8. You can now easily use Shopware to host your own online store. If you have any questions, please feel free to ask me.

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