Ubuntu is a popular open source operating system that is easy to install. It is quite flexible due to unlimited customization options and has a high degree of security. For many developers, the journey of Linux begins on Ubuntu, so today we will give you the installation guide for Ubuntu 18.04 with Windows 10.
Below are the prerequisites for installing Ubuntu 18.04 LTS:
- Connect your machine to a power source
- Make sure there is enough disk space, i.e. at least 5 GB.
- You must have the version of Ubuntu that you want to install on the USB drive
- Have a backup of your data
How to install Ubuntu with Windows 10 [dual-boot]
First of all, back up your Windows 10 operating system. Because this is a risky process, and any error during installation can lead to inconsistent system status.
Backing up the Windows 10 operating system is an optional process, but it is highly recommended. After the backup is complete, it’s time to prepare Ubuntu for installation with Windows 10. To back up the entire Windows 10 system, you can use the default Windows backup utility, with which you can back up and restore it in case of any error. ,
The following are the basic installation steps, which we will cover in detail in this guide.
- Download the Ubuntu ISO image file. In this guide, we install Ubuntu version 18.04 LTS Desktop.
- Create a bootable USB drive to write the Ubuntu image file to USB.
- Reduce your Windows 10 partition to create space for Ubuntu.
- Launch the Ubuntu live environment and install it.
We will look at these steps one by one in detail.
Download Ubuntu ISO
- Open a browser and enter the following URL:
- Once the URL is open, click the Download button to start the download.
- After the download is complete, it’s time to create a bootable USB drive.
Create a bootable USB drive
To create a bootable USB drive, we will use a tool called “unetbootin”. We will see how to download, install and use this tool to create a bootable USB. Before running this tool, make sure your USB flash drive is formatted in FAT32 format. If it is not formatted in FAT32 format, format it.
Make a backup copy of the USB drive before formatting, as all data will be deleted during formatting.
To format a USB drive in FAT32, follow these steps:
- Plug in your USB drive.
- Open “This-PC” and right-click on the USB drive.
- Click Format and a pop-up dialog will appear.
- If the file system is not FAT32, select FAT32 from the drop-down list and click the “Start” button.
- After formatting is complete, your USB drive will work with the FAT32 file system.
After the USB is formatted with the FAT32 file system, now download the “unetbootin” tool to make the USB bootable. Below are instructions for downloading and installing unetbootin.
- Download the tool from this URL (for Windows)
- After the tool has been downloaded, you need to install and run it.
- Select the “DISK IMAGE” option, and then find and select the downloaded Ubuntu ISO path. In addition to this, also select the USB drive where you want to install Ubuntu. After that, click OK.
- The installation program will start a bootable USB and will start to notify you when the process is complete.
When the USB drive is ready, it’s time to make room for installing Ubuntu. To do this, we will use the Windows Disk Management utility to reduce space for Ubuntu.
Reduce Space For Ubuntu
The tool we will use to reduce space for Ubuntu is the Windows Disk Management Tool. Below are instructions for using this tool.
- Launch the “Disk Management” tool by right-clicking the “Start” button in the lower left corner of the screen and select the “Disk Management” option.
- A window appears displaying all available drives.
- Right-click on the drive, usually “C:”, which has the most free space, and select the “Shrink Volume” option.
- A window will appear showing the best possible size.
- Adjust the size as required and click “Reduce.”
- The compression process will start and a new unallocated partition will be created after the compression process is completed. This section will be used to install Ubuntu.
When the compression process is complete, it’s time to start the Ubuntu live environment and then install it.
Launch and install Ubuntu:
The first step to installing Ubuntu is to start a live Ubuntu environment. To start the Ubuntu live environment, we need to restart the computer and load the boot menu. Typically, on most machines, the boot menu is called up using the “F12” key combination; however, on some machines, the boot menu also appears with the “ESC”, “F2”, “F10” keys. For actual confirmation, see the user guide for your machine.
- When the boot menu appears, select the “USB Flash Drive” option and press “Enter”.
- The download process will begin, and once the download process is complete, you will have the opportunity to choose Ubuntu.
- Select the “Try Ubuntu” option and press enter.
- Ubuntu live session is running. You can try a Ubuntu real-time session, but this session will be destroyed after the computer restarts to keep it constant, and we need to install Ubuntu on our hard drive.
To install Ubuntu on our hard drive, double-click the “Install Ubuntu” option, which is located on the desktop, as shown in the screenshot below.
- After selecting the Install Ubuntu option, a wizard will appear and the installation of Ubuntu will begin.
- Select a language and click Continue.
- The message “Do you want to install the latest updates from the Ubuntu server” appears on the next screen. Select this option if you have a decent internet connection, otherwise skip this option and click Continue.
- The next screen will ask: “How do you want to install Ubuntu.” Select the option to install “Ubuntu next to the Windows boot manager” and click “Install Now.”
- A window will appear showing what will happen to your drive. Click continue to continue the installation.
- The Ubuntu Personalization Wizard will now launch and ask for your location. Select your location and click Continue.
- Select a keyboard layout and click Continue.
- He will then ask for the computer name, username and password to create the default user. Save this password, as you will need it in the future to use this system. Enter your computer name, username and password, and click Continue.
- The installation will start and copy the files from the USB drive to the real hard drive.
- After installation is complete, you will be prompted to reboot the system.
Once the system is rebooted, you will see that the bootloader asks which operating system you want to start. Choose Windows or Ubuntu as per your requirement.
So, that was our view on how to install Ubuntu with Windows 10. [dual-boot], The whole procedure is quite simple if all steps are followed. Let us know how helpful this lesson was in the comments below.
How to install Ubuntu 18.04 with Windows 10