How to install X-Cart ecommerce platform on Debian 10

How to install X-Cart ecommerce platform on Debian 10

X-Cart is a very flexible open source e-commerce platform with a lot of features and integration. X-Cart source code is hosted on Github. This guide describes the process of installing X-Cart 5 on Debian 10 using Nginx as a web server and MariaDB as a database server.


  • PHP 7.2 or higher
  • PHP extension: pdo, phar, mysql, mbstring, curl
  • MySQL 5.7.7 or higher or equivalent MariaDB
  • Nginx

Initial steps

Check your Debian version:

lsb_release -ds

Set the time zone:

sudo dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

Update your operating system package (software). This is an important first step because it ensures that you have the latest updates and security fixes for the operating system’s default packages:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

Install some basic packages that are required for basic management of the Debian operating system:

sudo apt install -y curl wget vim git unzip socat bash-completion

Step 1-install PHP and PHP extensions

Install PHP and necessary PHP extensions:

sudo apt install -y php php-cli php-fpm php-common php-mbstring php-curl php-mysql php-json php-xml php-phar php-pdo php-gd

To display PHP compiled in the module, you can run:

php -mctypecurlexiffileinfo. . .. . .

Check PHP version:

php --version# PHP 7.3.17-0debian0.18.04.1 (cli) (built: Apr 18 2019 14:12:38) ( NTS )# Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group# Zend Engine v3.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies# with Zend OPcache v7.2.17-0debian0.18.04.1, Copyright (c) 1999-2018, by Zend Technologies

The PHP-FPM service starts automatically on Debian 10 systems and is enabled upon restart, so there is no need to manually start and enable it. We can move on to the next step, which is database installation and setup.

Step 2-install MariaDB and create database

Install MySQL:

sudo apt install -y mariadb-server

Check version:

mysql --version# mysql  Ver 14.14 Distrib 5.7.27, for Linux (x86_64) using  EditLine wrapper

Run by mysql_secure_installation Script to increase the security of your MariaDB installation:

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Log in to MariaDB as the root user:

sudo mysql -u root -p# Enter password:

Create a new MariaDB database and user and remember the credentials:

CREATE DATABASE dbname;GRANT ALL ON dbname.* TO 'username' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';FLUSH PRIVILEGES;exit;

Step 3-Install client and obtain Let’s Encrypt certificate (optional)

You do not need to use HTTPS to protect your website, but it is a good habit to protect your website traffic. In order to obtain a TLS certificate from Let’s Encrypt, we will use the client. is a pure UNIX Shell software for obtaining TLS certificates from Let’s Encrypt with zero dependencies.

Download and install

sudo su - rootgit clone ./ --install --accountemail [email protected]source ~/.bashrccd ~

Check the version: --version# v2.8.6

Get RSA with ECC / ECDSA Your domain / hostname certificate:

# RSA --issue --standalone -d --keylength 2048# --issue --standalone -d --keylength ec-256

If you want to test with a fake certificate, you can add --staging Mark the above command.

After running the above command, your certificate and key will be located at:

  • For RSA: /home/username/ table of Contents.
  • For ECC / ECDSA: /home/username/example.com_ecc table of Contents.

To list the certificates you issued, you can run: --list

Create a directory to store your certificates. We will use /etc/letsencrypt table of Contents.

mkdir -p /etc/letsecnrypt/example.comsudo mkdir -p /etc/letsencrypt/example.com_ecc

Install / copy the certificate into the / etc / letsencrypt directory.

# --install-cert -d --cert-file /etc/letsencrypt/ --key-file /etc/letsencrypt/ --fullchain-file /etc/letsencrypt/ --reloadcmd "sudo systemctl reload nginx.service"# ECC/ --install-cert -d --ecc --cert-file /etc/letsencrypt/example.com_ecc/cert.pem --key-file /etc/letsencrypt/example.com_ecc/private.key --fullchain-file /etc/letsencrypt/example.com_ecc/fullchain.pem --reloadcmd "sudo systemctl reload nginx.service"

All certificates will be automatically renewed every 60 days.

After obtaining the certificate, log out as root and return to the normal sudo user:


Step 4-install and configure Nginx

Install Nginx:

sudo apt install -y nginx

Check Nginx version:

sudo nginx -v# nginx version: nginx/1.14.0

Configure Nginx for X-Cart by running the following command:

sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/xcart.conf

And populate the file with the following configuration.

server {
  listen 80;
  listen [::]:80;
  root /var/www/xcart;
  index index.php index.html index.htm;
  location @handler {
    index cart.php;
    rewrite ^/sitemap.xml(?.+)?$ /cart.php?target=sitemap;
    rewrite ^/(.*)$ /cart.php?url=$1 last;
  location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ @handler;
  location ~ .php$ {
    try_files     $uri @handler;
    fastcgi_split_path_info  ^(.+.php)(/.+)$;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock;
    include fastcgi_params;
    fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

Activate new xcart.conf By linking the file to sites-enabled table of Contents:

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/xcart.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled

Test configuration:

sudo nginx -t

Reload Nginx:

sudo systemctl reload nginx

Step 5-install X-Cart

Navigate to /var/www table of Contents:

cd /var/www/

Download the latest version of X-Cart from And unzip it to your document root:

After downloading, change /var/www/xcart Directory to www-data:

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/xcart

Navigation In your web browser, then follow the instructions to complete the installation.

Step 6-complete the setup

Accept the license agreement and click next.

Create an administrator account.

Add administrator account

The installation wizard will check if your server meets the system requirements for X-Cart 5

Inspection requirements

Configure database settings:

Database login details

Set directory + step 6. Build cache. All tasks in these steps are fully automated, so you just have to wait and let X-Cart 5 do the work

Installation progress

At this point, the installation process is complete. You can use the provided link to access the Customer Front End and Management areas of the store.

x-Cart successfully installed


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