When this device, called a computer, was invented, the world experienced major damage. It reflects the origin of technology and constitutes a structural change in all aspects of complex life. This elegant computer has irrevocably changed and changed all industries, and it is considered the source of the technological industrial revolution. Not only has it created many new industries, it has also brought about paradigm changes in the business world.
Its rapid growth has caused an explosive chain reaction, leading to the emergence of new professionals, jobs, diversified career paths, and the birth of multi-billion dollar businesses and startups. It is also worth recognizing that it has changed the way traditional things are handled in organizations and families. Rolling into this era over time, almost everything depends on technology, whether it is communication, research or the provision of education or quality of health. In short, technology’s dependence has peaked, and it continues to penetrate even in the most conservative places.
This article will focus on comparing and contrasting the two largest operating systems that support most services on which the technology backbone depends. When you decide to extend your technical nose into the computer world and everything it brings, we can bet that it will be very easy to understand Linux and Windows operating systems. Except for the millions of personal computers that have been ubiquitous in recent decades, these two words represent the driving force behind the development of most home servers in the world. Let’s start the adventure of what exactly Linux and Windows are.
A bit of history
Microsoft was born on April 4, 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. They started selling basic interpreters and captured the operating system market when MS-DOS was released for personal computers in the mid-1980s. It has been Microsoft Windows since then, and has continued to upgrade and improve to current Windows 10 and a range of enterprise servers.
In the early 1990s, at the other end of the world, Finnish software engineer Linus Torvalds was busy developing an operating system similar to the UNIX operating system MINIX. Linux was officially released in 1991, and today it powers one-third of the Internet.
Core differences between Linux and Windows
Although there are no other better differences between Linux and Windows operating systems, there are still major differences worth mentioning, including:
1. Compared to Windows, Linux is open source
The open source philosophy states that all software should be decentralized, transparent and unlimited. It advocates the idea that the system’s source code is freely available and open to anyone who wants to view, use, and improve it. Linux has adopted this concept, so anyone in the world can download the Linux kernel for free. This means that you can develop your own computer running on the Linux kernel as needed. This is a wonderful philosophy.
Windows on the other end is a closed system. This means that the operating system is not available to the public. It is developed and packaged centrally, and the public cannot freely distribute, change or view the source code. It is based on a licensing model, so it must be purchased.
In fact, you can run desktops and servers completely free on Linux.
2. Application availability
Due to the state of affairs, it is easy to say that most software to run on Linux is free. Whether it’s a music player, office suite, or other other applications that may be needed. This is because many contributors around the world work with major Linux distributions to make these applications available to users. Most of the core applications running on Windows were developed by Microsoft. If you can afford to pay for most of their core applications, you will benefit from access to their office suite and other applications that are important to computer users.
Since the core component of the Linux kernel, Linux Kernel, is free, it has led to an explosive growth in distribution development. You may have heard of Ubuntu, Linux Mint, CentOS, Fedora, Elementary OS, etc. Well, all of them run Linux Kernel, but have been developed to meet different needs. In contrast to Linux, Windows provides only one Windows distribution in each distribution. You will never hear that there are two different types of operating systems running the Windows kernel.
4. Ease of use
One of the topics that never comes up when talking about Linux and Windows is ease of use. In the past, Linux was considered difficult to use and learn. But over time, new releases (especially desktop versions) with very simple user interfaces have been developed that can be used by anyone who knows how to click. Windows has always been user-friendly, and most users can prove it. The development of its GUI makes it easy for anyone to find their way out, but Linux has caught up in this area.
5. file system
Linux and Windows are very different in terms of file systems. Windows users, and supports File Allocation Table (FAT) and NTFS file system. Linux supports various file systems, such as Ext, BtrFS, XFS, ZFS, etc. Unlike Windows, which cannot read the Linux file system, Linux can read and write on the Windows file system.
Benefits of Windows
1. easy to use
The Windows operating system was developed with fewer technical users in mind. It’s carefully designed to easily navigate, install apps easily, and usually pass easily after the first day.
For those who have a Windows product subscription and license, get support from the company and even the community.
Benefits of Linux
1. it is open source
One of the greatest blessings of Linux is that it is free to use and distribute. It doesn’t stop there, if you are a developer and are not satisfied with some features, you can continue to make changes to suit your needs. Go all out.
The Linux kernel is the most stable operating system on the planet.
3. Higher security compared to Windows
4. Availability of many distributions
Another benefit of Linux is that many distributions can be used. In case your needs don’t meet your needs, you can choose to find other things that can make your desktop experience better.
5. Supporting the community
The community that uses and supports most Linux products is ready to help you. Just try it and check it out.
How to get started with Linux
Linux entered the industry because of its stability and relative security, making it successfully accepted to run core organization servers. Because it powers one-third of the world’s servers, it should communicate. Linux provides a suitable career path for interested candidates. As the world empowers technology, Linux skills should be one of the skills anyone interested in having. The door it opens brings more than just eyes. Whether it’s the rise of machine learning, containerization, DevOps, SRE, and software engineering, Linux is very convenient because most of the emerging technologies run on it.
Having said that, one needs to start immediately. One of the most important attributes of anyone interested in learning Linux is curiosity. Get ready to explore, install, destroy, and repair things in your Linux machine that will make a difference. The good news is that there is a lot of material on this blog and elsewhere.
Long nights and long days to learn about Linux files, commands, application installations, accidental deletion of system files, and all these pains will pay off faster than you think. After becoming familiar with these skills, you will find it relatively difficult to enter a new career path that is heavily dependent on Linux.
Simple Linux distribution for beginners
To get you started and get started quickly based on your learning abilities and willingness to learn, here are some simple Linux distributions that you can use right away. It is recommended that you be familiar with using the terminal for almost all operations. It doesn’t matter, you can try to use the terminal to do it.
- Ubuntu Workstation
- Linux Mint
- Basic Linux
- Fedora Workstation
- Budgie desktop
Also check the best Linux desktop distribution to try
Certification to help new learners
Another viable option that can really advance your understanding of Linux is the decision to get certified. As you go all the way to get certified, you are likely to learn a lot as you progress. Therefore, you can start with the following certification path:
- Linux Certified Professional-LPIC (level 1 and up to 3)
- Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator-LFCS (this is performance-based, good)
- Red Hat Certified System Administrator
- CompTia Linux +
If you want to get in now, check out the following resources:
Top RHCSA / RHCE Certified Study Books
Best LPIC-1 and LPIC-2 Certified Study Books
The best Linux books for beginners and experts
From novice to professional
After mastering the concepts behind Linux and mastering various methods, it will never stop there. Time is up and you will have to adapt to bigger, more complex tasks. The path you can decide to follow is to challenge your own projects, which will expand your mindset and make you better.
As you move forward as you continue to learn, you stumble across more challenging projects, and you want to know how they are done. These are completely immersed in you and indulged in you. In this way, you will expose yourself to better technology and a deeper understanding, resulting in better expertise.
If you have the opportunity to attend conferences, meetings, and technical gatherings, don’t hesitate. These are places where you learn what other people are doing, share better technology with others and understand what’s hot there.
You can challenge yourself to learn advanced certification for better. In this way, you will stumble across advanced Linux topics, and there is no better way to improve your swimming skills than in-depth research.
As mentioned earlier, a large part of the Internet is powered by the two operating systems discussed above, which opens the way for future career development. Here are the career paths for everyone
- System administrator
- Systems engineering
- network engineering
- Development Operations
- Field reliability engineering
- Linux administrator
- Cloud engineering
- Windows Server Administrator
- Windows Engineering
As the world relentlessly transforms into a more technologically inclusive, this will open up unprecedented opportunities. Artificial intelligence, data science, computer science, and even engineering are all feasible methods. Anyone who is proficient in computers can grow and name himself. Therefore, we encourage you to keep the fire hot and let the sun shine, because the world needs the next generation of geeks to make a difference.