New features in Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine)

You can download Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine). If you want to know what new features and improvements this new Ubuntu release includes, read on.
The support period for this Ubuntu version is 9 months. For longer supported versions, use Ubuntu 18.04 LTS instead, which is supported until April 2023.

Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine) uses GNOME 3.34

Ubuntu 19.10 uses the latest GNOME 3.34 (some components come with 3.34.1). You will find the latest version of GNOME Shell, GDM and GNOME settings, as well as applications such as files (Nautilus), text editor (Gedit), terminal and more.
GNOME software applications are still version 3.30.6, which includes a error report The reasons for mentioning not updating it are “debs support regression” and lack of testing. Starting with Ubuntu 19.04 and continuing with the new Ubuntu 19.10 release.

New features in Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine)
Drag and drop application icons to create groups
New features in Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine)
Redesigned background settings panel

Changes in GNOME 3.34:

  • Custom Icon Folder: Drag and drop an icon over another icon to create a group
  • set up:
    • Redesigned “Set Background” panel, which now shows a preview of the selected background; users can now also add custom backgrounds with the new Add Picture... Button
    • Exquisite Wi-Fi list for easier reading
    • Search section can now be reordered by dragging it to the list
    • Night light section has been moved to a separate tab in the Display panel
  • Terminal now supports right-to-left and bidirectional languages
  • Improved performance:
    • Some of the animations in the overview have been refactored to load and cache icons faster.
    • Improved rendering smoothness and frame rate specifically for NVIDIA graphics
    • Low output latency (one frame) in Xorg sessions for most graphics drivers
    • Certain devices, such as touchpad scrolling and keyboards, have shorter input wait times
    • Reduce CPU usage

New features and changes

ZFS root directory

Screenshot of experimental ZFS for root user on Ubuntu 19.10

Ubuntu has had ZFS support for some time with the help of ZFS On Linux, but in this release, Ubuntu has added experimental support for ZFS as the root file system-you can now create ZFS file systems and partitions directly from the installer layout.
Ubuntu 19.10 comes with ZFS on Linux version 0.8.1, which has features such as native encryption, trimming support, raw encrypted zfs transfer, and more.Read this article Learn more about the ZFS root implementation used on Ubuntu 19.10 Eoan Ermine.

Nvidia drivers are included in the ISO

As you may already know, when enabling the “Install third-party software for graphics and Wi-Fi hardware and other media formats” option during Ubuntu installation, Ubuntu 19.04 introduced the option to install proprietary Nvidia drivers. When this option is enabled, the Nvidia driver will be downloaded and installed.
However, in Ubuntu 19.10, the proprietary Nvidia driver is already included in the Ubuntu ISO, so enabling this feature will now install the Nvidia driver even if you do not have Internet access during the installation process.
When using the proprietary NVIDIA driver, Ubuntu 19.10 also has improved boot reliability. This should resolve the issue where the login screen does not appear when booting with the NVIDIA driver in some cases.

Yaru theme update

Ubuntu 19.10 continues to use the Yaru theme, with a mixed light and shade GTK + 3 theme by default. But for this release, users will also find that the full GTK + 3 theme is included by default (you will need to change the theme using GNOME Tweaks as there is no built-in method). Previously only mixed and dark Yaru themes were available.

New features in Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine)
Yaru Hybrid (default)
New features in Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine)
Yaru darkness
New features in Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine)
Yalu lights

The theme also has some improvements and a redesign based on the default GNOME theme (Adwaita), which will improve compatibility with GTK + 3 applications. In addition, the login / lock screen and launcher have been updated to make it brighter.
The Gnome Shell theme has also been updated to use light notifications, menus, and GNOME Shell dialogs while continuing to provide a dark top panel.
Screenshots of other Yaru themes:Ubuntu 19.10 Yaru screenshotUbuntu 19.10 Yaru screenshotUbuntu 19.10 Yaru screenshotUbuntu 19.10 dark themeUbuntu 19.10 light themeUbuntu 19.10 Yaru screenshotUbuntu 19.10 Yaru screenshot

Dropped support for 32-bit x86 (i386) with exceptions

Ubuntu 19.10 has largely dropped support for 32-bit x86 (i386) architecture. Users running the 32-bit version of i386 Ubuntu will not be able to upgrade to Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine)!
The plan is to completely drop support for 32-bit i386 packages in Ubuntu 19.10, but after feedback from the community (especially Wine developer Canonical) Decided to continue construction Some 32-bit i386 packages for Ubuntu 19.10 (and 20.04 LTS), so Wine and games are generally not affected by this change.

Other changes in Ubuntu 19.10 (Eoan Ermine):

  • Playmouth (boot splash screen) has been updated to have a flicker-free boot experience during recent Intel graphics boot via Uefi
  • USB drive is now displayed on the dock
  • DLNA sharing is now supported by default (go to Settings -> Sharing And enable media sharing from there)
  • Users can now run Xwayland applications as root / sudo
  • Added support for next-generation Wi-Fi security WPA3
  • On most architectures, the default kernel compression algorithm has been changed to lz4, and on all architectures the default initramfs compression algorithm has been changed to lz4, Increase startup speed
  • Chromium web browser is no longer available as a native (DEB) package; Ubuntu 19.10 has transitioned to a snapshot-only package using Chromium browser
  • Linux 5.3 is used by default, which includes (as compared to Linux 5.0, used by Ubuntu 19.04):
    • Initial AMDGPU Navi support for the new Radeon RX 5700 series
    • Support Zhaoxin x86 CPU
    • Supports Intel Speed ​​Select for easy power adjustment
    • Support for Intel Sound Open Firmware
    • Major performance improvements in BFQ I / O scheduler
    • Better support for Logitech wireless keyboard / mouse
    • High-performance asynchronous I / O with io_uring
    • Improved fanotify to better monitor the file system
    • Use persistent memory as RAM
  • Compared to Mesa 19.0.8 (used in Ubuntu 19.04), Mesa 19.2.1 includes:
    • Experimental Gallium3D implementation for Intel Broadwell graphics and later (not yet default)
    • RADV now supports adaptive sync / free sync
    • RADV and RadeonSI Vulkan / OpenGL drivers support Radeon RX 5700 series (Navi 10). Initially also has Navi 12/14 support
    • OpenGL 4.6 support for Intel OpenGL driver
  • Xorg server 1.20.5 (Git build)
  • Updated toolchains: glibc 2.30, OpenJDK 11, rustc 1.37, GCC 9.2.1, Python 3.7.5, ruby ​​2.5.5, php 7.3.8, perl 5.28.1 and golang 1.12.10.

Download Ubuntu 19.10

If you want to upgrade to Ubuntu 19.10, you can follow the instructions below to upgrade Instructions on the Ubuntu Wiki.
It is worth noting that when upgrading from Ubuntu 18.10 to Ubuntu 19.04 to a higher Ubuntu version, Ubuntu users can now keep PPA and third-party repositories enabled.