Rufus: Create Persistent Storage Live USB from Ubuntu or Debian via Windows

Start from Rufus version 3.7The application has completed persistent partition support for Debian and Ubuntu, allowing users to create the latest Debian Live ISO and persistent storage active USB for Ubuntu Live ISO created after August 1, 2019.Rufus Is a popular free and open source graphics tool for creating bootable USB drives from Windows. It can be used not only to create a bootable Windows drive from an ISO file or disk image, but also to create a bootable Linux USB drive from Windows.
This application is able to create permanent active drives that can work in UEFI (MBR or GPT) and BIOS modes, while casper-rw is used for persistent storage partitions, so its size can exceed 4GB.

Experimental persistent partition support was originally added in version 3.6 of the Windows bootable Live USB creation tool, but it does not seem to work because in my tests, any changes made to the Live USB will not work after a restart lasting. However, in the latest Rufus 3.7 beta, the persistent partition feature works (I tested it in the daily daily build of Ubuntu 19.10 Eoan Ermine). But it does not support all Linux distributions. Related: How to Make a Bootable Windows 10 USB on Linux Using WoeUSB.
The Rufus 3.7 release notes mention that in this release, persistent partition support for Debian and Ubuntu is complete (and therefore no longer experimental). But as far as Ubuntu is concerned, the persistence feature only works on Ubuntu 19.10 Eoan Ermine and higher ISOs. Because a mistake Lead to persistence casper-rw After the mount order is changed (recently repaired), the partition is interrupted.
Currently, this bug fix is ​​only released in Ubuntu 19.10 Eoan Ermine. Even though the Ubuntu 18.04.3 ISO was released after August 1, 2019, it does not contain this bug fix, so a persistent Ubuntu 18.04.3 (or Linux Mint 19. *) was created with Rufus 3.7 and later Live USB storage does not work. This bug fix may be released in future Ubuntu 18.04, so it may be included in the upcoming Ubuntu 18.04.4, which will be released on February 6, 2020.
It is worth noting that this applies not only to Ubuntu 19.10, but also to Kubuntu, Lubuntu, Ubuntu MATE, Ubuntu Budgie, etc. 19.10.
The Rufus 3.7 release notes also mention that the new persistent storage feature can also be used with other Linux distributions, “as long as they use a method similar to Debian or Ubuntu, as far as Ubuntu is concerned, # 1489855 For example, “Rufus Persistent Storage Function” should work with Pop! _OS 19.10 and so on.Rufus persistent real-time USBTo create a persistent storage live USB for Debian or Ubuntu with Rufus 3.7 or higher, select ISO and Persistent partition size An option is displayed with a slider for setting the size of the persistent partition. Setting this value to 0 will disable persistent storage, and setting it to any value greater than 0 will enable persistent storage.
Using Ubuntu, Linux Mint or Debian, and want to create a persistent storage Live USB with Ubuntu, Linux Mint or Debian? See Creating Persistent Storage Real-Time USB with Ubuntu, Linux Mint, or Debian (UEFI,> 4GB Persistence Support). Or maybe you want to use Cubic to customize Ubuntu or Linux Mint ISO.

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