This will guide you to package your existing environment for use with Vagrant and replace the shared disk with a new box file. These Box files make it easy to manage virtual machines and different versions of these virtual machines, especially if you don’t want to build your environment from the base box every time.
In this example, I will use the existing virtual machine environment of Oracle Virtualbox to build a version, where the existing environment will be selected based on the CentOS 7 operating system that has been created as a VirtualBox machine, and the name of the virtual machine is openstack-the controller is shown below In the screenshot.
A user account exists on the computer we want to reuse. of
The credentials are:
Username: vagrant Password: vagrant
Note: My existing virtual machine has ssh installed and configured. Before packaging the virtual machine, make sure that ssh is installed.
Now, browse to the folder containing the Virtualbox virtual machine; mine is / home / josepy / VirtualBox VMs /
cd /home/josepy/VirtualBox VMs/
Use the ls command to check if the virtual machine to be packaged exists.
Package and export the virtual machine now.
vagrant package --base=openstack-controller --output=openstack-asterisk.box
-basis= “Your existing virtual machine name”– Output= “The name you want to give the box”
After successfully packing the box, we should create a folder to hold the idle environment.
mkdir -p ~/vagrant cp openstack-asterisk.box ~/vagrant cd ~/vagrant
Then import the box into your environment.
vagrant box add --name=openstack-asterisk openstack-updated-centos.box
This command copies the box into the local Vagrant cache, so you can now use the box directly.
Edit the box name in Vagrantfile to match the box name added above. Mine is an asterisk.
vagrant init vi Vagrantfile
Then edit config.vm.box on line 15, see screenshot below.
Start adding boxes by running homeless
You should now be able to use it.
If your username and password are not
Set username and password:
config.ssh.username = "username"
config.ssh.password = " password"
In case of problems, try switching like “Retry …”. do
Then, after continuously trying to retry the login issue, press CTL + C to cancel. This will keep the Vagrant virtual machine running in the background. Now, generate the ssh key and note where it is stored.
You will get output similar to the following.
My ssh key is in “/home/josepy/vagrant/centos-asterisk/.vagrant/machines/default/virtualbox/private_key”
Add the location given above to the Vagrant file
Start from line
config.ssh.private_key_path = “The path given by the ssh-config command”
My green line is:
Replace the path with yours. Next, what we need to do is update the addition of the VirtualBox Guest on the guest.
On the virtualbox menu, go to File> Virtual Media Manager> Disc. You should see the VBoxGuestAdditions iso file. If it does not exist, download it first.
In my case, its location is /home/josepy/.config/VirtualBox/VBoxGuestAdditions_5.0.12.iso
I copied the above iso to the guest os. Please follow the steps below.
1) Make sure the Guest OS is running and the SSH server is also installed and running.
2) If you are not on the local network, perform port forwarding under the Network option on the VirtualBox Guest OS settings menu. VirtualBox> centos-asterisk> Settings> Network> Adapter 1> Port Forwarding.
If the rule does not exist, click the instructions below to add a + sign to add a rule.
Name: ssh Protocol: TCP Host IP: 127.0.0.1 Host port: 2222 Guest port: 22
Click OK to save your changes.
3) On the host operating system, copy the VBoxGuestAdditions.iso file to the guest using scp
scp -P 2222 /home/josepy/.config/VirtualBox/VBoxGuestAdditions_version.iso [email protected]:~
Replace the vagrant with your guest operating system username.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes / no)? . The answer is
4) On Guest OS, mount VBoxGuestAdditions_version.iso to / mnt
sudo su - cd /home/vagrant mount -o loop VBoxGuestAdditions_5.0.12.iso /mnt/ cd /mnt/ sh VBoxLinuxAdditions.run
5) Log out and reload the VM by pressing CTL + D twice, then
You should now have a normal Vagrant environment. That’s it, thank you for reading.
I hope this article was helpful to you. If you encounter any issues / errors, please let me know in the “Comments” section.
How to add a nomad box using an existing VirtualBox virtual machine
Vagrant VirtualBox virtual machine creation
Use an existing virtual machine with Vagrant
Tramps quickly create a virtual Machone environment.
Here is another way