What is Wine anyway?

Most of you know how to run your Windows programs on a Linux system using a virtual machine. In the case of a virtual machine, it is like running another OS on top of Linux, which leads to poor performance and does not integrate well with the real system. The second way is to download Wine to your Linux system. W ine I s N ot an E mulator (Wine) is a compatibility layer for Windows executables on Linux. It takes Windows system calls and converts them to POSIX system calls readable by Linux programs.

Wine also contains the Winelib tool, which we use to compile Windows-supported applications and programs for porting them to Unix-like systems.

Simply put, Wine is a collection of Linux libraries that allow many Windows applications to run on Linux distributions, with varying degrees of success and stability.

We are discussing the steps to install the “Wine” tool, which allows us to run Microsoft Windows applications on our Linux machine. This can be useful when you need to install some Windows dependent video games and even developer tools on your Linux machine.

We will discuss installation step by step as well as a short introduction to the tool. Let’s start.

To install Wine, first enable support for 32-bit applications. You only need to take this step if you are using a 64-bit architecture and have not enabled support for the 32-bit version. Since the 64-bit system is backward compatible, it supports 32-bit applications.

Run this command to enable support for 32-bit applications.

                      sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386


Step 1

Adding the WineHQ repository to get the latest Wine packages Before that, let’s add the GPG keys.

GPG (Gnu Privacy Guard) is an implementation of OpenPGP (Open Pretty Good Privacy). This is an encryption method designed for use in email exchanges. It is now used in various applications such as code signing for Linux code repositories and source code repositories such as GitHub.

Following are the commands to import GPG keys.

                      sudo apt update
sudo apt -y install gnupg2 software-properties-common
                      wget -qO - https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key | sudo apt-key add -


Then add the required repository using the following code

                      sudo apt-add-repository https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/


And finally launch

                      sudo apt update


Step 2

Installing Wine on Debian

Add Wine OBS repository to your system.

                      wget -O- -q https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/Debian_10/Release.key | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/Debian_10 ./" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/wine-obs.list


and finally install the tool using the stable branch

                      sudo apt update
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable


Step 3

Verify the software installation with the command:

                      wine --version



We have discussed installing the Wine tool by following the steps above. These steps will work on any Debian and Linux based OS, including Kali Linux and Ubuntu . However, these commands are preferred for Debian 10 and above.

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