Linux is a widely used open source operating system; it manages communication between applications / programs and hardware just like other operating systems. Applications send requests, and operating systems map those requests to hardware components. Linux operating systems have hundreds of distributions (distributions); A Linux distribution is also an operating system built using collections of software based on the Linux kernel. Well-known Linux OS distributions include Debian , Ubuntu , Linux Mint, Fedora, MX Linux, Deepin, etc. It should be noted that Debian is a Linux based distribution and Ubuntu is a Debian based distribution. Ubuntu and Debian are almost similar, but they have few differences, for example Ubuntu is more user-friendly and Debian is more concerned with software freedom.
Debian is an old but very stable Linux distribution: the first version of Debian was released in 1993. In 1993, software engineer Ian Murdoch issued an open invitation to various developers to develop a relatively new operating system based on the Linux kernel. This invitation was called the Debian Project; therefore, the phenomenon of Debian development is known as the Debian Project, with hundreds of developers contributing to the development of Debian. Moreover, its capabilities and stability have led developers to consider it as the benchmark for several other Linux distributions such as Ubuntu, Linux Mint. More than 100 Linux distributions are noted to be derived from Debian. It has been developed by hundreds of developers contributing to the Debian project.
Ubuntu is noted as the most popular Linux distribution and was first released in 2004. Ubuntu is designed for computers, smartphones and network servers and is used all over the world such as offices, homes, programming, IoT devices, TV OS. etc. It is issued twice (April and October) a year with a break of 6 months. What’s interesting about Ubuntu is that it is based on the Linux Debian distribution: this relationship between Ubuntu and Debian makes them similar in many features and functions.
Difference between Debian and Ubuntu
Since Ubuntu is a Debian derivative, they share many of the same features, however there are some notable differences to be aware of. We have listed a few differences between both distributions and are given below:
Ubuntu and Debian release versions
Both Linux distributions have different release mechanisms: for example, Debian comes with three release categories: stable, unstable, and testing. Whereas Ubuntu comes with two types of releases, regular and long term support. Mostly the stable version of Debian is used: unlike Debian, the regular version of Ubuntu is preferred for desktops, while the long-term support version is better for servers.
Installing Ubuntu and Debian
Both Debian and Ubuntu provide GUI support for their installation. However, the installation mechanism is different for both distributions. Debian provides detailed configuration options that you can set yourself: while this is very good, a new user may not understand the terms. On the contrary, the installation of Ubuntu is fairly straightforward and a new user can quickly understand the installation process.
Ubuntu and Debian stakeholders
The term stakeholder here represents people who decide to set new goals or what features they want to add. Debian has a group of developers around the world who set a plan for the year: these volunteers are led by the Debian project leader. While Ubuntu operates under Canonical’s roof, Canonical is a UK-based software company that develops and maintains Ubuntu.
Ubuntu and Debian software updates
Ubuntu replaces Debian in software updates. Ubuntu updates appear frequently on the market and you can get the most out of the latest version. On the other hand, Debian updates take a long time; making it unattractive to users. However, the version you are using on Debian may be more stable (but not the latest) than Ubuntu.
Ubuntu Server or Debian Server
There is a slight difference between Debian and Ubuntu server mode. Debian is suitable for server mode because it provides a stable and secure release. In contrast, Ubuntu is constantly updating its packages and releases, making it less secure and stable, so it prefers Debian Server over Ubuntu Server.
Which is better, Debian or Ubuntu
Ubuntu and Debian have some similarities and differences: it is difficult to choose one of them. Users should consider their requirements and interests in order to choose one of them. Ubuntu is recommended for new users due to its simple installation configuration, desktop interface, and frequent updates. On the other hand, Debian is outdated and has complex installation configurations, which is a hindrance for new users. However, the late update factor makes Debian more stable and secure than Ubuntu. So, if you want a more stable version, choose Debian, and if you want frequent updates, choose Ubuntu.
Linux peaked in popularity and received a huge number of its distributions. However, all Linux distributions have several advantages and disadvantages for a particular community. Linux OS has been expanded to hundreds of distributions that have almost the same features as Linux. Among them, Debian and Ubuntu hit the top list of Linux distributions. There are over 130 Debian-based distributions available, and over 50 distributions based on Ubuntu. In this article, we’ve covered two of the most popular distributions: Ubuntu and Debian. Their detailed differences are instructive to help users understand which distribution is best for them.